Odisha plans development for tribal areas

Image: Special Development Councils for tribals in Odisha
Image Source: tribestourorissa.com

The Odisha Cabinet on Wednesday decided to establish Special Development Councils for nine tribal dominated districts in Odisha. These councils will take up cultural, educational and economic development in harmony with the unique identity and ethos of the people.

The formation of these councils is significant as many small tribal groups do not get represented directly in higher decision making in a democratic system based on majority.

The councils will have representation from every tribe present in the district and will have decision making powers and financial resources to preserve, promote and develop their unique socio-cultural identities and their economic capacities.

Odisha government will be spending a total of Rs. 175.50 crore per annum and cover each block under these councils.

Tribals in Odisha constitute 22% of the State’s population and nearly 10% of the nation’s tribal population. Of the 62 distinct STs in the State, 13 belong to the particularly vulnerable tribal groups.

Tribal Areas in India and the Constitutional Provisions related to them:

Image: Special Development Councils for tribals in Orissa
CONSTITUTION OF INDIA

Article 244 in Part X of the Constitution envisages special system of administration for certain areas designated as ‘scheduled areas’ and ‘tribal areas’.

The Sixth Schedule of the Constitution deals with the administration of the tribal areas in the four northeastern states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram. It contains special provisions for the administration of tribal areas in the above mentioned four northeastern states.

The rationality behind this special arrangement for them is that they have not assimilated much the life and ways of the other people in these four states. The tribal people in other parts of India have more or less adopted the culture of the majority of the people in whose midst they live.

These areas are, therefore, treated differently by the Constitution of India and sizeable amount of autonomy has been given to these people for self-government.

 

Reference(s):

The Hindu Newspaper (You can download the newspaper for free from a link given on this FB page – UPSC Aspirants Forum).

Indian Polity by Laxmikanth.

Delhi government doubles salary of Anganwadi workers

Image: Manish Sisodia

The honorarium paid to about 22,000 workersand helpers at Delhi government-run day-care centres under the Anganwadi scheme will be doubled soon.

Announcing the decision taken by the Cabinet on Saturday, CM Arvind Kejriwal tweeted that Anganwadi workers and helpers would get Rs. 9,678 and Rs. 4,839 per month, respectively. He added that the workers and helpers would get an additional get an additional Rs. 500 and Rs. 250 per month, respectively, for mobile/internet charges.

Deputy CM and Education Minister Manish Sisodia said, referring to the government’s ongoing drive of inspections, when he and senior officials assessed the working of the Anganwadi centres, they found several problems in the functioning, including fake registers of children and poor quality of food.

Apart from these, low honorarium paid to the workers and helpers was also found to be a major problem in the scheme.

Deputy CM Manish Sisodia added that the government hoped that the increased honorariums would encourage the staff to work more efficiently.

About Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS):

Image: Integrate Child Development Services Scheme
Image Source: Indian Iris

Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS), a Government of India sponsored programme, is India’s primary social welfare scheme to tackle malnutrition and health problems in children below 6 years of age and pregnant and nursing mothers.

ICDS is India’s response to the challenge of meeting the holistic need of the child.

The ICDS team comprises the Anganwadi Workers, Anganwadi Helpers, Supervisors, Child Development Project Officers (CDPOs) and District Programme Officers (DPOs).

Anganwadi Worker, a lady selected from the local community, is a community based frontline honorary worker of the ICDS Programme. She is also an agent of social change, mobilizing community support for better care of young children, girls and women.

Besides, the medical officers, Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM) and Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) form a team with the ICDS functionaries to achieve convergence of different services.

 

Reference(s):

The Hindu Newspaper (You can download ‘The Hindu’ newspaper for free from a facebook page- UPSC Aspirants Forum)

http://delhi.gov.in/wps/wcm/connect/doit_wcd/wcd/Home/Integrated+Child+Development+Services/Introduction+to+ICDS

http://icds-wcd.nic.in/icds/icdsteam.aspx