The landmark India-Japan civil nuclear agreement, formally known as the India-Japan Agreement for Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy, came into force on Thursday. Foreign Secretary S. Jaishankar exchanged the diplomatic notes with the Japanese envoy to India to formalise the completion of the process.
The pact was signed in Tokyo during the visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Japan on November 11, 2016.
About the civil nuclear deal:
India on November 11th, 2016 signed a historic civilian nuclear deal with Japan during the annual bilateral summit held in Tokyo. PM Narendra Modi described it as a ‘historic step’.
The nuclear deal which will help India access Japan’s nuclear market, had been under negotiation for six years and was firmed up during the 2015 visit of PM Shinzo Abe to India, when the principles of agreement were frozen. However, the final seal on the text had to wait legislative clearance from Japan, which has 13 civil nuclear agreements with countries such as France and U.S.
India is the first non-NPT member to have signed such a deal with Japan.
The deal is essential for bringing a network of nuclear energy cooperation for India, especially with the U.S. as prominent American nuclear companies are owned by the Japanese nuclear majors like Toshiba.
Negotiation which began in 2010 during the UPA government were stuck on India’s non-NPT status as Japan sought assurances that the deal would be used for peaceful purposes.
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