Karnataka Cabinet panel to study promotions for SCs and STs

Image: Karnataka Cabinet panel to study promotions for SCs and STs
Image Source: ToI

The Karnataka Cabinet on Wednesday decided to setup a Cabinet sub-committee to study the recent SC order that struck down reservation in promotion for the Scheduled Caste and the Scheduled Tribe employees.

The State has had reservation in promotions for SC, ST employees since 1978 – 15% for SCs and 3% for STs – which has been struck down by the SC. The State has already filed a review petition challenging the order.

The issue has political implications in poll-bound Karnataka, with Dalit groups demanding that the government find ways to circumvent the order.

What was the SC judgement?

On February 9, the SC declared the Karnataka Determination of Seniority of the Government Servants Promoted on the Basis of Reservation Act invalid to the extent it accorded consequential seniority to SC and ST employees in public offices without carrying out the requisite exercise under Article 16(4A). The Supreme Court in M. Nagaraj’s case of 2006 as well held that the State must demonstrate backwardness, inadequacy of representation and maintenance of efficiency before providing reservation in promotion under Article 16(4).

The SC added that if the state has not conducted the requisite exercise under Article 16(4A), the judicially evolved ‘catch-up’ rule will fully apply to control the extent of reservation.

What is consequential seniority?

Consequential Seniority in laymen terms means the seniority attained as a consequence of promotion. Suppose A and B are on the same post at a given point of time, but A is 2 years senior than B. B get promoted earlier than A due to his SC status. Now when A will get promotion to the post that B got promoted to earlier, B will be senior to A by the number of years after which A got the promotion to the same post. This despite the fact that initially A was senior than B.

What is the judicially evolved ‘catch-up’ rule?

The ‘catch-up’ rule was explained in the Nagaraj judgement, holding that if a senior general candidate was promoted after SC and ST candidates, he would gain his seniority on promotion in relation to the juniors who had been promoted against reserved vacancies.

 

Reference(s):

The Hindu Newspaper (You can download the newspaper for free through a link given on this page – UPSC Aspirants Forum).

 

 

SC allows abortion of ailing foetus

A SC Bench consisting of Justices Dipak Mishra and A.M. Khanwilkar, taking note of the mental stress suffered by the woman, allowed abortion of the ailing foetus.

Supreme Court of India image

The SC on Monday allowed a woman to abort her over 20-weeks-old foetus with severe abnormalities. The court said every woman has a sacrosanct right to bodily integrity and she has the right to choose.

This judgement, however, transcends the limit imposed by the law – Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act – 1971. As per the law, abortion is illegal if pregnancy crosses the mark of 20 weeks.

As per Section 3(2) of the Act, abortion is only allowed if pregnancy was under 20 weeks old and done on the advice of only 2 registered medical practitioners, who should certify that the pregnant woman was risking “grave injury to her physical and mental health” or there was a danger of the child being born with a severe mental or physical handicap.

In this case, the woman approached the SC seeking permission to abort her foetus after she discovered that it suffered from a severe form of cardiac impairment called pulmonary atresia. She also presented to the court a report by a paediatric pulmonologist which said there was a high possibility of permanent brain damage.

Pulmonary Atresia Image

Pic Credit: childrenshospital.org

This case is one of the many similar cases that have come to the SC recently. The court’s order s in such cases have been on a case-to-case basis.