The Odisha Cabinet on Wednesday decided to establish Special Development Councils for nine tribal dominated districts in Odisha. These councils will take up cultural, educational and economic development in harmony with the unique identity and ethos of the people.
The formation of these councils is significant as many small tribal groups do not get represented directly in higher decision making in a democratic system based on majority.
The councils will have representation from every tribe present in the district and will have decision making powers and financial resources to preserve, promote and develop their unique socio-cultural identities and their economic capacities.
Odisha government will be spending a total of Rs. 175.50 crore per annum and cover each block under these councils.
Tribals in Odisha constitute 22% of the State’s population and nearly 10% of the nation’s tribal population. Of the 62 distinct STs in the State, 13 belong to the particularly vulnerable tribal groups.
Tribal Areas in India and the Constitutional Provisions related to them:
Article 244 in Part X of the Constitution envisages special system of administration for certain areas designated as ‘scheduled areas’ and ‘tribal areas’.
The Sixth Schedule of the Constitution deals with the administration of the tribal areas in the four northeastern states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram. It contains special provisions for the administration of tribal areas in the above mentioned four northeastern states.
The rationality behind this special arrangement for them is that they have not assimilated much the life and ways of the other people in these four states. The tribal people in other parts of India have more or less adopted the culture of the majority of the people in whose midst they live.
These areas are, therefore, treated differently by the Constitution of India and sizeable amount of autonomy has been given to these people for self-government.
The Hindu Newspaper (You can download the newspaper for free from a link given on this FB page – UPSC Aspirants Forum).
Indian Polity by Laxmikanth.